Big Data for Migrants and Refugees: A Case Study of The Iraqi Ministry of Displaced
Keywords:Opportunities and challenges facing big data on international migration
Migration and refugee problems are among the most draining and vexing human problems of our century. These crises have reached proportions not seen since World War II with continued popular uprisings, civil war, and terrorist incidents in neighboring countries, particularly in Syria, Afghanistan, Yemen, Venezuela, and Myanmar. According to the reports of the United Nations, the total number of international migrants has reached nearly 300 million. As for Iraq, the number of migrants (outside) and the number of displaced persons (while internally displaced) has reached 5 million, and they have been subjected to pressures to migrate. to send. There are many reasons why the services provided are not at the required level.
However, lack of data appears to be an important reason. In order to increase the quality and delivery of service at the required level in the face of the ongoing migrant crises, it is necessary for governments and NGOs, especially host countries, to review people and data and find ways to obtain higher quality data. In addition, it is critical that the data obtained be adequate and reliable in order to prevent negative outcomes such as smuggling of migrants, deaths of those using the sea during migration, and abuse at the points they reach. At this point, the concept of big data is emerging as a concept in the field of migration, as it is in many other fields. The article discusses why governments (in general) and the Iraqi government (in particular) are using current technologies and big data to identify and assist migrants in need of international protection. The advantages and opportunities of big data have been pointed out in the international arena against the protection of migrants' right to life, the prohibition of torture, inhuman and degrading treatment, and the prohibition of slavery and forced labour. However, the article also examines the drawbacks, limitations and risks arising from the unfettered use of new technologies, particularly with regard to protecting migrants' right to privacy and data protection, with the help of detailed literature.